In the last two years of the pandemic, more than 135,000 micro and small businesses (mypes) closed their doors permanently, mostly in the commerce and services sector, leaving nearly 540,000 Peruvians unemployed, reported the Lima Chamber of Commerce (CCL). ).
Thus, informality in mypes to date exceeded the pre-pandemic level, as it rose from 70% to 85%, said the president of the CCL’s Small Business Association (COPE), Rodolfo Ojeda, who added that this occurs in the midst of an economic slowdown, since the business association estimates a growth of 3.1% by the end of 2022.
“In 2020 alone, about 48,000 mypes stopped operating in the country, now the number has risen, which shows that the situation remains critical, not only because of the health crisis, but because now we have to cope with the unfortunate decisions of the Government that only accentuate a political crisis and instability,” he said.
In relation to employment, he indicated that the mypes in 2019 had 9 million workers, now that figure exceeds 12 million. Although an increase is observed, he commented that this is explained by the strategy of mypes to reinvent themselves, deciding to change the business line.
“For each mype, four jobs are created, but for them to be current and operational, it was necessary to make this change in the field, where many of them redirected their businesses towards essential activities related to the food, health, etc. sector,” he said. .
Ojeda added that, in the first year of the pandemic, the labor activity of mypes was reduced at a rate of 50%, while their production fell by 27%. “Two years have passed and in these two issues the recovery rate is 90% and 94%, respectively, which shows that in both cases the pre-pandemic level has not yet been exceeded,” he stressed.
Likewise, he maintained that, in the pandemic, the most affected mypes belonged to the tourism, entertainment, shows and restaurants sectors, which so far have not managed to recover and continue in this process.
“To grow we need trust and stability, a position that we businessmen maintain in the face of this uncertain situation. We also need an administration that promotes and facilitates the growth and development of all productive activities, because in the case of mypes we generate wealth and thousands of jobs”, he noted.