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ChatGPT begins to become the new pen of the political world

ChatGPT begins to become the new pen of the political world

The conversational bot ChatGPT it invaded the academic and professional spheres, politicians and legislators already use it to elaborate speeches and laws, some governments try to convert it to their causes and there are those who fear that it will become a difficult weapon to detect in influence campaigns.

In Japan, a parliamentarian questioned the prime minister at the end of March with questions proposed by ChatGPT. In France, the robot drafted an amendment to the 2024 Olympic Games bill.

Even French President Emmanuel Macron mentioned in Twitter recently the artificial intelligence of OpenAI, posting a screenshot of an exchange with the chatbot that considered Europe “competitive” in the race for innovation.

The American technology behind ChatGPT was not designed to make such judgments, however, because it only responds with the most appropriate words to a request, so it can alternatively hold opposite positions.

The popularity of artificial intelligence (AI) earned Macron ridicule from the general secretary of the CGT union, Sophie Binet, who stated that the president’s television statements to try to defuse the social crisis caused by the pension reform “could have been made by ChatGPT.”

Politicians are trying to take advantage of the possibilities of the robot, which had more than 100 million active users at the beginning of the year, just two months after its launch.

According to Pascal Marchand, professor of information sciences at the University of Toulouse, AIs like ChatGPT “They are capable of generating very faithful speeches” to the traditional ideological markers of politicians.

But by not being able to innovate, they are less relevant to the parties they want.”adapt to the situation and have a speech in keeping with the times”.

conservative or socialist AI

The most right-wing parties believe that ChatGPT is “woke” (a term used derogatorily by conservative sectors towards an alleged pandering of the left to the demands of minorities) and that it is steeped in the liberal and progressive values ​​of Silicon Valley.

In France, the president of the National Rally (RN) party, Jordan Bardella, stirs up the specter of “another great replacement” of artificial intelligence, in reference to an alleged plan of “great replacement” demographic that some sectors of the extreme right attribute to the waves of migration to Europe.

OpenAI, or its competitors like Bard (developed by Google), certainly have biases, as a result of being trained from a large corpus of text and filters added by their creators to limit the generation of objectionable comments.

In New Zealand, researcher David Rozado designed, without publishing it, the RightWingGPT robot, an AI trained to produce a conservative argument, supporting the traditional family, Christian values ​​and the free market.

Elon Musk, the new head of Twitter and an investor in OpenAI, said in an interview at the start-up’s launch that he wanted to launch TruthGPT, one less AI. “politically correct” that ChatGPT.

For its part, the Chinese government promulgated rules so that generative AI “reflect fundamental socialist values.”

“If someone develops a conversational robot that always goes in the same direction, they will be able to provide language elements to convinced people but it will interest much fewer people”judges Pascal Marchand, for whom it is not worth “to fantasize too much about the massive manipulation that this medium could represent”.

Source: AFP

Source: Gestion

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