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The growing gap between the West and the emerging countries due to the war in Ukraine

The growing gap between the West and the emerging countries due to the war in Ukraine

Lula pleads for peace negotiations on Ukraine under Chinese auspices and the G7 threatens countries that support Russia. The gap is widening between the West, which is closing ranks with kyiv, and the rest of the world, which is more flexible with Moscow.

The latest sign of this distancing was the criticism on Monday from the United States of Brazilian President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, whom it accused of “parroting Russian and Chinese propaganda without looking at the facts at all.”

Unlike the Western powers, neither China nor Brazil have imposed sanctions against Russia and are trying to position themselves as mediators to achieve peace, as demonstrated by the recent meeting of the Brazilian leader with his Chinese counterpart, Xi Jinping, in Beijing.

From Abu Dhabi, Lula confirmed on Sunday that he proposed joint mediation with China and the United Arab Emirates to end the conflict in Ukraine, accusing Kiev and Moscow of having provoked it and Europe and the United States of encouraging it.

Along with his suggestion that Ukraine cede the Crimean peninsula to Russia to facilitate an end to the war, this “reduces credibility” as a possible “responsible mediator”estimates Carlos Malamud, a researcher at the Spanish think tank Real Instituto Elcano.

China, which unveiled a 12-point document in February with its proposal to diplomatically resolve the conflict, focuses international attention on seeking a solution due to its proximity to Moscow.

Days before Lula, French President Emmanuel Macron and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen met with Xi. The first told his Chinese counterpart that he is counting on him “to make reason” Russian Vladimir Putin.

But “Perhaps it turns out that President Xi does not believe that Putin has lost his reason but, on the contrary, that he has reasons that he shares with him and with many of his visitors”relativized this Tuesday the head of European diplomacy, Josep Borrell.

Before the European Parliament, the former Spanish foreign minister quoted Lula, who “has cultivated the same strategic ambiguity as China.”

When the western vision on the causes and solutions for the war seems to face a greater questioning, the group G7 of developed countries warned this Tuesday of “severe costs” for those who help Russia in the war.

Beyond the UN vote

”The division is before the war and this accelerated it. Among developing countries, the position is often one of neutrality or support for Russia.”explains Agathe Demarais, head of forecasting at the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU).

The expert from the analysis section of the British group The Economist assures that “Western democracies take little account of this element” and underlines that the question is which side the emerging countries will be on, in the face of a phenomenon that will accelerate.

On February 23, the United Nations General Assembly overwhelmingly approved a resolution calling for the “immediate withdrawal” of Russian troops in Ukraine to end the war, with 141 country votes in favour, seven against and 32 abstentions.

Of the BRICS group of emerging countries, Russia voted against, China, India and South Africa abstained, and Brazil voted in favor.

This vote “does not reflect global support for Russia”given that “approximately 65% ​​of the population lives in neutral countries or aligned with Russia”warned the EIU in early April.

In it “rest of the world” there is “a disappointment with the West because it has not fulfilled its promises.

Covid plays a fundamental role in this regard,” French diplomat Michel Duclos recently said.”Our European imaginary is blocked in the Ukraine. The others have other dreams -or nightmares- which are hunger, the weather, poverty and the rivalry between China and the United States.he added.

The irruption of Brazil in this scenario is due to its historical desire to become a “international actor” and that Lula recovered with his return to power, points out the Argentinean Malamud.

But also, “Under the economical point of view”, “This is not about ‘parroting’ China’s words”but Brazil needs the Asian giant as a “help lever” in a “complicated” situation, adds the expert to AFP.

Source: AFP

Source: Gestion

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