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Ten requests for impeachment and four investigations into corruption marked the oversight in the National Assembly

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E The balance of the inspection activity in the first year of management of the current legislative period includes ten requests for political trials and four investigations into cases of corruption in the oil, financial, university areas, whose reports had difficulties for approval, but all were sent to the control organisms.


Fernando Villavicencio (PS-CN), president of the Oversight Commission, highlights that there was openness in the delivery of information by State entities, for example, he commented that in the case of Petrochina and Álex Saab, the Government ordered the declassification of all documents and with this access to exclusive information.

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In the investigation process and the approval of almost all the investigated topics, there was a boycott on the part of the legislators, especially UNES, affirms Villavicencio, since he recalls that the subject of political trials and in the treatment of the Álex Saab case there were two complicated moments when Correismo sought to reach agreements with legislators Pedro Velasco and Bruno Segovia, to remove him from the presidency. And at first, the UNES legislator, Paola Cabezas, proposed to Ana Belén Cordero (BAN) remove him from the presidency. There were three attempts and the threat is constant, she stresses.


Villavicencio clarifies that not all the investigation processes were directed at the administration of former President Rafael Correa; For example, in the case of Flopec, which was raised by legislator Ana Belén Cordero, it was an investigation directed at the manager of that entity in the government of Guillermo Lasso, and as a result of that report, the president requested the resignation of the official. .

At the end of a year, of the 58 investigation cases that were raised in May 2021 by the nine legislators, eleven were approved until May 14, 2022, which were proposed by Ana Belén Cordero and Fernando Villavicencio. In the case of Pedro Velasco (BAN), Bruno Segovia (before PK) and Soledad Diab (PSC), there were contributions, but the UNES legislators did not develop any investigation case that they raised on the agenda.

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The representative of UNES in the Oversight Commission, María Gabriela Molina, says that on the subject of the political trials worked out at the table there was enough information for the reports, but she reports that her political sector had serious disagreements with Villavicencio, because she does not accept his positions in the final reports as provided by the regulations of the commissions.

He also says that the draft reports are not attached to the calls, nor are requests for changes to the agenda given, and sometimes the microphones are even closed, preventing the use of the floor. All these actions were denounced within the commission, but according to Molina, there is a government majority that prefers complicit silence. That they have been forced to present minority reports, because “the majority reports change the versions that those appearing give within the commission, as happened in the case of Foglocons, emblematic universities.”

Molina insists that it is evident that the president of the commission has a desire to position his personal agenda, which is why he prioritizes the treatment of issues that are already aired in the courts and have already been sentenced, leaving aside issues of relevance to the country. “His obsession against former president Rafael Correa makes him fall into a repetitive and worn speech,” underlines the UNES legislator, who says that she remembers that only once did they appeal the presidency because it did not give way to incorporate the observations of the UNES bench, in the reports.

For the legislator Marco Troya (BAN), after seeing the performance of the Assembly in the last year, the Oversight Commission has a more redeemable image before the community, beyond the problems and political differences presented, there were coincidences within table. Trials were defined for the comptroller, ombudsman, energy minister, superintendents; as well as investigations were carried out, whose processes went to the Prosecutor’s Office.

What the Commission must do in this new year of activity is to coordinate a little more with the justice agencies so that the information is provided. And he questioned that political trials be withdrawn in order to speed up others, because the seriousness of the trials is removed.

There were ten requests for impeachment processed by the Oversight Commission in one year, of which three were dismissed and censored, two former officials were censored, and three processes were archived. Four interpellation processes are pending, one of them, that of the substitute comptroller, Carlos Riofrío, whose report that recommends impeachment has already been waiting for a decision in plenary for more than a month. Regarding the investigations, he processed the cases of Flopec, Petrochina, Sucre-Saab and emblematic universities.

Flopec case

It is an investigation into the commission of influence peddling in the transportation of hydrocarbons in Flopec, and it was determined that several oil intermediaries and buyers of Ecuadorian crude oil benefited at the expense of millions in losses for the State in the hiring of tugboats and the company. Irregularities in the contracts were detected.

The report was approved and sent to the Comptroller’s Office, the State Prosecutor’s Office and the Executive, which caused the separation of officials. The Comptroller determined a loss of $6 million.

SUCRE-Saab case

The investigation began after the arrest of Álex Saab in Cape Verde and his subsequent transfer to the United States, and it was determined that the Unitary System of Regional Payment Compensation (SUCRE) was used as a laundering mechanism, since ghost companies and fictitious sales that moved around $189 million, which affected the Ecuadorian freely available reserves.

The report was approved with five votes and was sent to the Executive, Prosecutor’s Office and the Senate of Colombia, from which an investigation was opened in that country, and for which Piedad Córdoba was called to testify before a judge.

A preliminary investigation was opened in the State Attorney General’s Office and for which former President Rafael Correa was notified, among others, for the alleged crime of embezzlement.

Yachay Universities Case

Research on emblematic universities, in the case of Yachay, has represented an investment of public resources of more than $602 million in its eight years of existence, in which 450 professionals have graduated until 2021.

The report that could not be approved in the Oversight Commission due to lack of votes led him to present it from his office, obtaining the following actions.

The situation of four other higher education institutions was analyzed: the Amazon Regional University, the National University of Education, the University of Arts and the Institute of Higher National Studies.

As a result of this investigation, Héctor Rodríguez filed a slander complaint against Assemblywoman Ana Belén Cordero in the National Court of Justice.

Petrochina case

This process was approved with the casting vote of the President of the Commission, Fernando Villavicencio. The report recounts the corruption scheme carried out by the oil intermediaries and determines that in complicity with the state company Petroecuador, Flopec and decrees issued by the Executive, they allowed the resale of oil and damage to the Ecuadorian State for almost $ 5,000 million.

The State Attorney General’s Office added the report within the previous investigation number 08-2017, which had not been addressed by the Attorney General’s Office. At the moment, proceedings are being carried out and he has international criminal assistance derived from the cases carried out by the North American justice system in the New York Court, specifically the Vitol, Gunvor and Antonio Peré cases.

The Government received the report and decided to change the oil policy and as a result of this transformation, two tenders were held.

Cases in process

In the coming weeks, the reports on the investigations of the Coca Codo Sinclair and INA Papers cases will be released, which would be merged into one and will be called Coca-INA, only a meeting with the State Attorney’s Office is expected because the case is in arbitration and a final criterion to include in the report.

Another issue that is about to come out is the case of the Minas de Huascachaca Wind Project; Likewise, research on the Toachi-Pilatón project is advanced. Another issue that is on the way to knowing the results is the investigation carried out by Assemblyman Bruno Segovia on the Cuenca tram.

The Carlos Pólit case and a complaint by the National Financial Corporation will also be investigated, which, by order of the Presidency of the Republic, sent more than 500 documents on credits for more than $500 million unpaid, granted in the government of Rafael Correa. (I)

political trials

Official proponents process state
Pablo Celi, State Comptroller Juan Carlos Lloret (UNES) censored
Freddy Carrión, Ombudsman Yeseña Guamani (ID)
Ricardo Vanegas (PK)
Dismissed and censored
Valentina Zárate, Deputy Comptroller Ricardo Vanegas (PK) Archived
René Ortiz, former Minister of Energy Luis Almeida (PSC)
Salvador Quishpe (PK)
Richard Martínez, former Minister of Economy and Finance various assembly members Archived
Víctor Anchundia, Superintendent of Companies Luis Almeida (PSC)
Ricardo Vanegas (PK)
Dismissed and censored
Ruth Arregui, Superintendent of Banks Darwin Pereira (PK-R) dismissed and censored
Carlos Riofrío, Deputy State Comptroller Ronny Aleaga (UNES) Recommends file, pending in plenary session
Íñigo Salvador, State Attorney Ferdinan Alvarez (UNES) Archived
Four councilors of the National Electoral Council and former councilor Luis Verdesoto Mario Ruiz and Joel Abad (PK) Suspended until the Attorney General’s Office pronounces
judiciary Council Viviana Veloz and Fausto Jarrín (UNES) Pending treatment
Hernán Ulloa, María Fernanda Rivadeneira, Ibeth Estupiñán and Francisco Bravo, councilors of the CPCCS Salvador Maita (PK) and Mireya Pazmiño (PK-R) Pending treatment
To the plenary session of the Council for Citizen Participation and Social Control Ricardo Vanegas (PK) Pending treatment

Source: Eluniverso

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