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What is the melanoma that President Guillermo Lasso has in his right eye and how is the treatment

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President Guillermo Lasso was diagnosed with melanoma, which is a type of cancer and that is why he will travel to the United States to undergo tests. The injury is on the lid of his right eye.

On July 29, Lasso underwent an operation in Quito under the suspicion that it was a basal cell carcinoma, an affectation that can be cured with its removal. However, the pathologist informed him that it was melanoma, he explained in a short message in a personal chat group.

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This type of injury, according to local doctors who have followed his case, “requires interdisciplinary management, exploration and treatment strategies that are very well organized in other international reference hospitals.”

Ecuadorians have a higher risk of skin cancer

Changes in moles to melanomas, which should concern us, is when they change color and size, having an asymmetric shape with different shades of colors and shapes. Photo: Nasekom

What is melanoma and how is the treatment

Melanoma is a type of skin cancer that starts when melanocytes (cells that give skin its tan or brown color) start to grow out of control.

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Cells from almost any part of the body can become cancer and can then spread to other areas of the body. Melanoma can be successfully treated if caught early.

The exact cause of all melanomas is not clear, but exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight or from lamps and tanning beds increases the risk of melanoma, according to the Mayo Clinic.

“I thought that having black or dark skin would not give me skin cancer”

This is what a benign mole looks like. Called Congenic Nevus that appear at birth or in the first year of life. Photo: wakila

People who live closer to the Earth’s equator, where the sun’s rays are more direct, experience higher amounts of UV radiation than those who live further north or south. Also, if you live at a higher altitude, be aware that you are exposed to more ultraviolet radiation.

Having fair skin, a history of sunburn, excessive exposure to ultraviolet light, having many or unusual moles; family history of melanoma and a weakened immune system are other factors that can lead to melanoma

How is melanoma treated?

If the melanoma has spread beyond the skin, treatment options may include the following, according to the Mayo Clinic:

Surgery to remove affected lymph nodes: If the melanoma has spread to nearby lymph nodes, the surgeon may remove those that are affected. Other treatments may also be recommended before or after surgery.

Immunotherapy: It is a drug therapy that helps the immune system fight cancer. The immune system may not attack the cancer because the cells make proteins that blind the immune system cells. Immunotherapy works because it interferes with that process.

Cases and deaths from skin cancer are on the rise, despite the fact that the ozone layer is recovering

Melanomas can also occur on areas that don’t get much sun exposure, such as the soles of the feet, the palms of the hands, and the nail beds. Photo: AlexRaths

Targeted therapy: Targeted drug treatments target specific weaknesses in cancer cells. By targeting these weaknesses, targeted drug treatments can cause cancer cells to die.

Radiotherapy: This treatment uses high energy beams, such as x-rays and protons, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy may be directed at the lymph nodes if the melanoma has spread there. It can be used to treat melanomas that are not completely removed by surgery.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy uses drugs to destroy cancer cells. It can be given intravenously, in pill form, or both so that it travels throughout the body.

(YO)

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Source: Eluniverso

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