The imperial region is among the four regions with the highest copper production nationwide, surpassed only by Áncash, Arequipa and Apurímac. This industry has allowed him until August of this year to receive an injection of more than S / 403 million for mining canon and royalties, according to the latest Statistical Report of the Ministry of Energy and Mines.
For Miguel Cardozo, president of Rumbo a PERUMIN, an initiative of the Peruvian Institute of Mining Engineers (IIMP), it is necessary to generate mechanisms so that these resources directly benefit the population, through infrastructure in basic services such as health, education, water and sanitation, transportation, among others. However, this pending task makes social conflicts latent.
The Resources from mining add up to S / 3,820 million in the last two decades. That is, transfers, just due to mining activity, have been improving year by year, 2021 would be one of the most expectant.
“Definitely, these resources, which are additional to the direct support that mining companies give to the population, are essential for the economic reactivation of the region and mitigate the economic crisis generated by the pandemic,” added Cardozo.
In Cusco, the most important mining projects They are Constancia and Anabi in Chumbivilcas and Antapaccay in Espinar. All mine open pit copper and gold (surface mining).
But it is precisely in this mining corridor that social tension predominates. According to the sociologist José Lapa, the corruption and inefficiency of the local authorities in the execution of mining resources is one of the factors of discontent.
One of the demands in Espinar, for example, is a communal canon. In other words, they ask that the resources reach, above all, the communities influenced by mining activity.
Mining in the south
According to the IIMP, Arequipa, Apurímac, Cusco, Moquegua, Tacna and Puno received more than S / 2,160 million in canon and mining royalties in the first year of the pandemic (2020).
It should be noted that the regions that make up the so-called Southern Mining Corridor have a portfolio of mining projects valued at $ 27.3 billion, almost half of that at the national level.v
The two faces of mining in Espinar
According to a study prepared by the IIMP and the Center for Competitiveness and Development (CCD), per capita family income in Espinar went from S / 215 in 2007 to S / 762 in 2018. This growth would point to mining, although the communities linked to this activity assure that the benefit did not touch them.
Kingston is an accomplished author and journalist, known for his in-depth and engaging writing on sports. He currently works as a writer at 247 News Agency, where he has established himself as a respected voice in the sports industry.