New technological systems, such as ChatGPT, have become popular just as the artificial intelligence law is being negotiated in Brussels and thehe European Union (EU) wants to take advantage of the moment to find the formula to regulate the social, political and ethical doubts that they raise. When the European Commission proposed the regulations in April 2021, it was not intended for this, but in the long and tortuous path of the European legislative process these artificial intelligence models have exploded and all the EU institutions now believe that they must be addressed.
While discussions continue in Brussels, Italy has for the moment banned the use of ChatGPT, considering that Open AI —the company that created and continues to refine this tool— does not comply with the European Data Protection Regulation (GDPR).
The Italian authorities accuse the company of lacking transparency regarding the collection of users’ personal and banking data, and of lacking a system to verify the age of those who use it. ChatGPTdespite the fact that it is aimed at people over 13 years of age, and they have given them until April 30 to adapt to the law.
The Spanish Data Protection Agency also opened this Thursday, April 13, an investigation into the company for a “possible breach” of the GDPR and the European Data Protection Board created a working group to exchange information with all EU authoritiesIceland, Liechtenstein and Norway, who have doubts about it.
The Green MEP, Marcel Kolaja, is convinced that Open AI “has an interest” in resolving these issues, but considers that these models must continue to be regulated, according to what he told Agencia EFE.
Besides, “some of the concerns that these systems can raise are not related to privacy”explains to EFE the liberal MEP Dragos Tudorache, one of the speakers for the artificial intelligence law in the European Parliament.
Among them, he mentions the possibility that these models capable of simulating human conversations —which are also being developed by other companies such as Google— Give answers based on copyrighted information, the risk of it being used to spread false news, or the influence it may have on vulnerable people.
Remember the recent suicide of a young Belgian in his 30s after having talked intensively for six weeks with the chatbot Eliza, from the US company Chai, about her concern about climate change.
artificial intelligence law
As currently drafted, the artificial intelligence law prohibits real-time mass surveillance systems in public spaces —except to prevent crimes and locate potential victims— and vetoes models that use subliminal techniques to “substantially” alter “the behavior of a person, without being aware of it.
In addition, it classifies a whole series of security systems as high risk. artificial intelligence with very specific uses that can only be introduced to the market if they respect the fundamental rights and values of the EU.
Negotiations between political groups to set the criteria will begin this Monday and neither Benifei nor Tudorache dare to say how they will conclude, since they admit divisions between parties.
The EPP MEP Axel Voss bets first to “understand” how ChatGPT works and ask Open AI for explanations about its reliability, according to EFE account. And in any case, he is in favor of the self-regulation of the sector rather than writing new laws that can take years to approve.
“In three years, maybe, we’ll have totally different problems. You never know if ChatGPT will still exist,” he says.
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