The president of the Agricultural Society of Arequipa (SADA), Daniel Lozada, estimates that the regional harvest of July and August will decrease by 40% due to the lower use of fertilizers in the field, due to the increase in fertilizer prices due to the war in Ukraine.
“To get 60,000 kilos of potatoes per hectare, 10 bags of urea were used. Now 2 to 3″ are used, Lozada stated. She added that the impact will be on different products that include staple foods such as potatoes and rice.
The union director clarified that since March the risk was warned, but there was little response from the Government. Regarding the solutions proposed by the Executive, he said that the guano from the island would only be enough to 3% of national demand and overexploitation could damage the future ecosystem of the guano islands.
He also questioned that the Government has only approved a fund of 300 million soles to buy fertilizers, which would reach, according to Lozada’s estimates, 20% of the national field.
He proposed as a medium-term solution to build a petrochemical in Cusco to produce urea, with gas from Camisea. He considers that the fertilizer crisis will be long-term, where the price of the stock will continue to rise, for which a policy that defends food security is required.