The Peace Summit in Ukraine, called by the president Volodymyr Zelensky which has brought together nearly 60 world leaders and representatives of some 80 governments, but which neither Russia nor China have attended; ended this Sunday with a joint statement that demands maritime and nuclear transit security. Among the proposals is that the Zaporizhia nuclear power plant should operate under complete Ukrainian control.

However, there has not been unanimity among the participants and 12 countries have abstained from signing it, among them some partners of Russia, such as Brazil, India and South Africa, which together with Putin’s country and China belong to the group of emerging economies known as BRICS. Neither have Mexico, Armenia, Bahrain, Indonesia, Libya, Saudi Arabia, Thailand and the United Arab Emirates.

On the other hand, 84 countries have shown their agreement with the document, among them are the countries of the European Union, the United States, Japan, Argentina, Chile and Ecuador.

Although there has not been unanimity, the president Zelensky has accepted the decision of these countries and has pointed out that one of the objectives of this meeting was to give voice to all types of opinions. He has also argued that Russia “not ready for peace” and that this has been evident with the approach that the Russian president, Vladimir Putindid last Friday to put end to the war in ukraine. In it he called for Ukraine to abandon all illegally occupied territories.

After the end of this summit, the attending countries and organizations have determined that the inclusion of Russia in future peace talks is “necessary.” In fact, in the final declaration of this meeting they added that to “achieve peace, participation and dialogue between all parties is needed.”

That is why Switzerland has opened the door to Putin to participate in future negotiations. Although there is a arrest warrant against him issued by the International Criminal Courtthe Russian president would not be detained since this rule contemplates exceptions in the event of negotiation.