The Constitutional Court of Peru ordered this Tuesday the release of the former president Alberto Fujimori (1990-2000), despite the fact that the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (Inter-American Court) ruled otherwise last year. “This Constitutional Court orders that the National Penitentiary Institute (INPE) and the director of the Barbadillo Prison (where he remains imprisoned), on the same day, arrange the immediate freedom of the favoredAlberto Fujimori,” reads a TC order.
The resolution, which was signed by 3 of the current 6 members of the TC, with the deciding vote of the president of the organization, Francisco Morales, declared “fgiven the replacement resource at the direct execution end and immediate of the sentence of last March 12, relapse in the present process”. Last Friday, a court in the southern region of Ica declared inadmissible a first resolution of the Constitutional Court that restored Fujimori’s pardon and returned the case to the TC. The president of the highest court, Francisco Morales, had stated that the authorities should “proceed to the immediate release” of Fujimori, contrary to two resolutions issued by the Inter-American Court.
“The previous sentence must be complied with“Morales declared when clarifying an order from the TC that declared inadmissible a consultation by the Ministry of Justice on the pardon granted to Fujimori in 2017 by the then president Pedro Pablo Kuczynski and that had given rise to different interpretations. In that sense, the resolution issued this Tuesday by the TC also called ““severe attention” to the judge of Ica and urged him to “put more diligence and zeal in the fulfillment of their functions when executing the sentences approving habeas corpus.”
He was sentenced to 25 years in prison
The pardon, awarded to Fujimori on December 24, 2017, It had already been annulled by the Judiciary in 2018, after the Inter-American Court asked the Peruvian State to guarantee the administration of justice for the victims of the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta massacres, the cases for which Fujimori was sentenced to 25 years in prison. . Last week, hours before the Ica judge’s decision, The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) expressed its concern given the possibility that the TC’s resolution would lead to Fujimori’s release.
The organization recalled that on April 7, 2022 “it established the reasons why the State should refrain from granting a pardon ‘for humanitarian reasons’ in compliance with the inter-American standards established in the supervision resolutions of the Barrios Altos and La Cantuta cases “. For its part, the Inter-American Court asked the Peruvian government to send it a report on compliance with what was ordered in its resolution last year. In this regard, the TC stated in its resolution this Tuesday “on the lack of jurisdiction of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights in matters of compliance with sentences, to provide for the unenforceability of a sentence”.
After pointing out that “it is unobjectionable” that “there is an obligation of the State to comply“with the decisions issued by the Inter-American Court, it considered that it must submit any non-compliance to the General Assembly of the Organization of American States (OAS) “cases in which a State has not complied with its rulings.” According to the analysis of the signatory magistrates, for this reason “it is outside its jurisdiction (of the Inter-American Court) to order a State, in supervision of compliance with a sentence, not to execute a sentence of a national court.” “By virtue of this lack of competence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights to, within the framework of monitoring compliance with sentences, directly order the non-execution of a judicial decision, “This Court ordered the execution of its ruling dated March 17, 2022,” he noted.
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