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Nobel Prize in Chemistry for scientists Morten Meldal, Carolyn Bertozzi and Barry Sharpless

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The 2022 Nobel Prize in Chemistry was awarded on Wednesday to Denmark’s Morten Meldal, and to Americans Carolyn Bertozzi and Barry Sharpless, for laying the groundwork for a more functional form of the scientific discipline.

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The trio was recognized “for the development of click chemistry and bioorthogonal chemistry,” the jury said in its decision. Sharpless, 81, is the second time she has won the award.

Only four other people have received a Nobel twice, among them the French of Polish origin Marie Curie.

Sharpless, based in California, and Meldal, 58, from the University of Copenhagen, were recognized for their pioneering work with click chemistry, a new way of combining molecules.

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Click chemistry “is an elegant and efficient chemical reaction that is currently widely used,” the jury noted.

“Among many other uses, it is used in the development of pharmaceutical products, DNA mapping and creation” of new materials.

The American Bertozzi, 55, was awarded for the development of bioorthogonal chemistry, a chemical reaction that is described as being able to start in a living organism but without disturbing or changing its chemical nature.

Their findings have paved the way for improving the efficacy of cancer treatments.

The trio will share the sum of 10 million kronor ($917,500) and receive the prize from Sweden’s King Carl XVI Gustaf at a formal ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of the death in 1896 of the scientist Alfred Nobel, who he created the awards in his will.

The academy last year honored German Benjamin List and British-American David MacMillan for developing a precise tool for molecular construction known as asymmetric catalysis.

The Chemistry award will be followed by the highly anticipated Literature awards on Thursday and the Peace award on Friday.

Source: Gestion

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