The unesco warned this Monday about a global shortage of teachersnoting that 69 million educators are needed worldwide to achieve education universal basic in 2030.
On the occasion of World Teachers’ Day, which is celebrated on October 5, the organization asked governments to intensify their support for the teaching sector, in light of the “difficulties” for “retain your staff and attract new talent”.
According to this UN agency, the greatest teacher deficit exists in sub-Saharan Africa, which has “some of the most overcrowded classrooms in the world”the “overworked teachers” and educational systems “less staffed”.
“Lack of training, unattractive working conditions and inadequate funding are undermining the teaching profession and exacerbating the global learning crisis”Audrey Azoulay, general director of the organization, said in the statement.
To achieve the goal of universal basic education in the 2030 Agenda, an additional 24.4 million teachers are needed globally in primary education and 44.4 million in secondary education.
In sub-Saharan Africa, primary education needs amount to 5.4 million teachers and secondary education needs, with 90% of its schools experiencing severe teacher shortages, 11.1 million.
The region with the second largest deficit is South Asia, where an additional 1.7 million primary and 5.3 million secondary teachers will be needed.
Among the aspects that require progress, UNESCO emphasized improving the conditions of teachers, especially with regard to workload.
In low-income countries, each primary teacher has an average of 52 students per class, while the world average is 26.
UNESCO also influenced improving teacher training and caring for their living environment in the most disadvantaged and remote areas, especially for female teachers.
The crisis of the profession is also accentuated by non-competitive salaries.
UNESCO data shows that 6 out of 10 countries pay primary school teachers less than other professionals with similar qualifications, and that the difference is more notable in the more developed nations.
“Only 3 high-income countries have a commendable teacher salary policy: Singapore, with a median salary equal to 139% of comparable professions, Spain (125%) and South Korea (124%)”said the UN agency.