Cuba said “yes” to the Family Code, a broad legal reform that includes same-sex marriage and surrogacy.
The “yes” obtained 66.87% of the votes cast, for the 33.13% that the “no” added. Abstention rose to 26%, according to the National Electoral Council (CEN), which reported that 6,251,786 voters voted, equivalent to 74.01% of the voter registry.
The results, released this Monday, are bittersweet for the Cuban government, which saw how the option for which it relentlessly advocated in the weeks prior to the consultation triumphed, but with a rate of disagreement (abstention and vote against) much higher than that of the previous referendums on the island.
Of a census of 8,447,467 people over 16 years of age and with the right to vote, 3,936,790 were in favor (46.6% of the total census), while 1,950,090 voted against (23.1%). ). In addition, 2,195,681 abstained (26%) and 364,906 invalid ballots (4.3%) were counted.
In comparison, in the constitutional referendum of 2019 the participation was 84.4% and the favorable vote was 87%, and in the constitutional consultation of 1976 the participation exceeded 99% and the yes reached 98%, according to official data.
Former Cuban diplomat and political analyst Carlos Alzugaray considered in an interview with Efe that the result has a “positive” side, the approval of “progressive” and “advanced” legislation, but that it should also be an “alarm signal” for the Government.
The vote against had different reasons -from religious to political-, Alzugaray pointed out, but the abstention is for him “a reflection of popular discontent.” He stressed that the Government has lost the “mobilizing capacity of the past”, despite the “overwhelming propaganda” from all Cuban institutions in recent weeks.
In his opinion, an “important part” of the population was not convinced by the government’s arguments for “yes” and did not go to vote, “defying the old Cuban precept that not voting marks you” and may have consequences.
For his part, the president of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel, described the results as “one more victory for socialist construction” and recognized the headwind both due to “discrepancies with the content” and for political and economic reasons.
“With the approval of that code, today we have more rights in Cuba. It was a vote for Cuba, it was a yes for Cuba, it was a yes for the Revolution,” said the president, according to the official newspaper Granma.
Díaz-Canel stressed that the “yes” victory was achieved “despite a context of difficult economic and social and energy situations, with migratory movements,” in addition to the “understandable discrepancies in some of the issues that, due to the scope of the code They were boarded.”
Between approved topics
The extensive text, framework law on family law that reforms one of 1975.
- Approval of same-sex marriage
- Adoption by same-sex couples
- Prohibition of child marriage
- It will allow legal recognition of several fathers and mothers, in addition to the biological ones
- Address gender violence. (YO)