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Attention to Venezuelans improves in Latin America but demands more help

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The Quito Process, a platform founded in 2018 by thirteen Latin American countries in support of Venezuelan migrants, presented this Friday a balance of accumulated “good practices”, but warned that help is needed to mitigate the crisis.

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This intergovernmental mechanism promoted by Ecuador in 2018 met in Brasilia behind closed doors and put into a document the initiatives adopted to attend to an exodus that, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), “has no precedent” in the region.

The document cites the Interagency Coordination Platform for Refugees and Migrants (R4V), which calculates that in May of this year “there were 5.1 million Venezuelan refugees and migrants in Latin America and the Caribbean.”

It also highlights that, thanks to “recent advances in regularization policies in countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Chile or the Dominican Republic“by the end of this year”the estimated total of regularized refugees and migrants will reach four million people”.

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In many cases, these are people who have traveled “physical distances greater than 7,200 kilometers on foot or by road, to get from Caracas to capitals such as Santiago de Chile or Buenos Aires”.

The document summarizes the best reception practices adopted by the thirteen members of the Quito Process: Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guyana, Mexico, Paraguay, Panama, Peru, and Uruguay.

In that chapter, he emphasizes that the journey of Venezuelans has been “eased” in at least eight countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Uruguay), which together offer “206 structures for temporary reception” .

At that point, there is a special mention of “Operation Shelter”, cited as a “model” and that Brazil put into practice together with United Nations agencies and humanitarian organizations in 2018, when the flow of Venezuelans to the country increased. .

Likewise, it values ​​that all the countries of the region have given “priority” to the “physical well-being” of migrants, which “in their entirety” have been contemplated in the national vaccination plans against COVID-19.

According to the Quito Process, despite the efforts of receiving countries, migrants continue to be exposed to “risks and shortcomings in the labor, educational and socio-economic spheres, to the mafias “smuggling and human trafficking” and outbreaks of xenophobia.

Likewise, in the final declaration of the meeting in Brasilia, it was reaffirmed “the need for increased international technical and financial support through greater commitment from donor countries, international financial institutions, development actors and the private sector”.

This point is justified by the fact that the Venezuelan exodus has not stopped and it is feared that it will increase in the short term.

That demand had already been raised by the UN, which expected by 2021 about US $ 1,440 million contributed for a vast humanitarian aid plan by the so-called Donors Conference, but finally collected only 43% of that figure.

The finger on that sore was put in Brasilia by the director general of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), Antonio Vitorino, who in a message sent to the meeting urged “the international community to continue to show solidarity with Venezuelan migrants.”

In this framework, Vitorino requested “hold a new Conference of Donors, which allows the important efforts of recipient countries to be consolidated” from Latin America.

According to the Brazilian diplomat Franco de Carvalho Neto, it is due “continue betting on the strength of cooperation” and “work hard to alleviate suffering and give opportunities to those who need it”.

The ultimate goal, he pointed out, is that “in the near future”, the task of the Quito Process is “support the voluntary, dignified and safe return of the Venezuelan brothers to their country, to rebuild a democratic, free and just homeland.”

Source: Gestion

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