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Sweden and Finland will join NATO, Turkey’s veto was lifted before the summit

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The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) unblocked the veto Turkey maintained the integration of Sweden Y Finlandon the eve of the summit of the Allied Heads of State and Government in Madrid.

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Ankara’s approval came during a meeting hosted by the NATO Secretary General, Jens Stoltenbergbetween the Turkish president, Recep Tayyip Erdogan; finn, Sauli Niinistoand the Swedish Prime Minister, Magdalena Anderson.

“I am pleased to announce that we have an agreement that paves the way for Finland and Sweden to join NATO”Stoltenberg said after signing the three foreign ministers of those countries a memorandum that clears the doubts that Turkey had.

In the agreement, Stockholm and Helsinki “commit to fully support Turkey against threats to its national security”explained the allied secretary general, which includes the modification of its internal legislation, taking “strong measures” against the activities of the Kurdish terrorist group PKK and the signing of an extradition agreement with Ankara.

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After weeks of negotiations between these three countries, the agreement reaches the gates of the allied summit and certifies the validity of the policy of “open doors” of NATO that Russia has criticized.

It is precisely the threat from Moscow that Sweden and Finland have perceived, after the Russian invasion of Ukraine, which motivated them to formally request their entry into NATO, last May.

Stoltenberg said that tomorrow (Wednesday), during the first day of the summit, the allied leaders “they will make a decision to invite Finland and Sweden to join NATO”adding that after the Madrid meeting they will become “guests” officially to enter the transatlantic club.

This will allow them to participate in all sessions of the North Atlantic Councilbut only when all the allies have internally ratified their accession will they officially become part of the Alliance and will be covered by article 5 of the Washington Treaty on collective defense.

alliance transformation

NATO leaders arrived in Madrid on Tuesday to start a summit tomorrow in which they will approve the largest reinforcement of the Alliance since the Cold War in the face of the threat mainly from Russia.

“These are the best possible facilities for the NATO summit here in Madrid”Stoltenberg said, after visiting the headquarters of the meeting of leaders in the Madrid Fair (Ifema)together with the President of the Spanish Government, Pedro Sanchez.

Stoltenberg made it clear that the summit will be “crucial” Y “transformative”since in it the 30 allies will give the green light to a new Strategic Concept, the document that will guide their policies in the next decade.

Still under negotiation to close the last fringes, the Strategic Concept will consider Russia the greatest threat facing transatlantic security, and will speak for the first time of the challenges posed by China, which has skyrocketed its military spending, as well as the new disruptive technologies, terrorism or cyber and hybrid challenges.

Ultimately, it will prepare NATO to deal with “a more dangerous world”in Stoltenberg’s words.

In Madrid, allied leaders will also support a major change in their deterrence and defense model, as they envision their Response Force, made up of multinational forces on standby to act quickly in the face of a threat, from 40,000 to “more than 300,000″according to the secretary general.

In addition, due to the aggressiveness shown by Russia with its invasion of Ukraine, the Alliance is preparing to deploy more teams in Eastern European countries and to pre-assign troops to certain allies that they could quickly turn to if necessary.

Likewise, the conversion to a brigade of some of the multinational battalions deployed in Poland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania and Bulgaria is expected, for which the allies are expected to announce new contributions.

In addition, on the first day of the summit, in which the President of Ukraine will intervene by videoconference, Volodymyr ZelenskyNATO Heads of State and Government hope to approve a comprehensive support package for that country and then meet with its partners in the Pacific (Japan, Australia, New Zealand and South Korea) as well as with Georgia and the European Union (EU).

For the closing day, on Thursday, they will conclude their meetings with a discussion on the threats on the southern flank of the Alliance and terrorism.

The leaders participated on Tuesday night in a gala dinner hosted by the king Philip VI at the Royal Palace, while on Wednesday the Spanish government will organize a dinner with the EU partners at the Prado Museum.

Source: Gestion

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