The demand for protection action proposed by 18 natives and defenders of Zaruma against various state entities to rebuild the subsoil was issued in favor of those who demand that illegal mining be eliminated.
In December 2021, a large sinkhole formed in Zaruma in the center of the city, and this caused the loss of four homes and the temporary evacuation of 153 residents of that area.
Gabriel Ugarte, a lawyer who supported the lawsuit, indicated that several Zarumenses decided to initiate the lawsuit, which he described as sui generis and the first to be carried out against the State on issues related to lawsuits against illegal mining. In April they presented a protection action that sought to remedy the effects on the subsoil of the urban and historic center of Zaruma.
Sinking affects homes in the center of Zaruma, in El Oro
The first decision of Gabriela Castillo, judge of the Zaruma Multicompetent Judicial Unit, was to issue an urgent precautionary measure on April 14 of this year in which she ordered that the members of the Armed Forces, through the corresponding unit, They will provide security and surveillance in all mine entrances, as well as in the sectors where extraction, exploitation, exploration and use of mining resources are carried out.
This was to prevent natural and legal persons from entering those areas, an action that will be valid for three years.
“Zaruma won, its 18,000 inhabitants won. With the precautionary measure, the city’s heritage is being protected; and, at the same time, with this sui generis sentence for the city with respect to mining, it seeks to reestablish the violation of rights,” Ugarte told various digital media.
‘We heard a noise as if it were a dynamite explosion,’ says a resident of the sinking area in Zaruma
Now, the jurist indicated that the sentence is awaited in textual form to know the remedy that Zaruma will be subject to.
“Until the present date, we are waiting for the written notification of the sentence by the constitutional judge, in order to advance in the total remediation, where the duty of reconstruction is for yesterday and urgently,” said the jurist. (YO)