A memorial plaque to the writer was updated on the facade of the Mikhail Bulgakov Museum. It is reported by RBC with reference to the Ukrainian media.
The inscription in Russian was removed from the memorial plaque, which read: “The famous Russian, Soviet writer Mikhail Bulgakov lived in this house.”
This inscription was replaced with another one, in Ukrainian: “In this house in 1906-1919, the famous Kievan, doctor, writer Mikhail Bulgakov lived” (“In this house in 1906-1919 lived an outstanding Kievan, doctor, writer Mikhail Bulgakov”).
The museum clarified that the changes were made “at the initiative of the collective” and in accordance with the law on Ukrainianization, they were agreed with the sculptor Anatoly Kushch. According to the law “On Ensuring the Functioning of the Ukrainian Language as the State Language” adopted in 2019, in the country there should be, in particular, advertisements, inscriptions, and posters in the Ukrainian language. After the start of the Russian special operation in Ukraine, they began to rename streets whose names were associated with Russia, as well as to dismantle monuments.
In August 2022, the National Union of Writers of Ukraine proposed instead of the Bulgakov Museum in Kyiv to open a museum of the Ukrainian composer Alexander Koshyts, who lived in this house until 1906. The Writers’ Union justified this by saying that the museum of a writer who “violently hated Ukraine and its independence, and also denigrated it in his works as best he could” should not work in Kiev. The union called Bulgakov “the ideologist of the Russian world” and “one of the most insidious enemies of Ukraine.”
Minister of Culture of Ukraine Oleksandr Tkachenko opposed this initiative. “Bulgakov is from Kiev. Yes, he had in some works, artistic, I emphasize, replicas of certain heroes regarding the liberation struggle of Ukraine at the beginning of the 20th century. But I think that the museum is definitely not to blame. Not a museum, not a monument,” he said.
Bulgakov was born in Kyiv in 1891 and studied to be a doctor at Kiev University. He moved to Moscow in 1921.
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