Cardiovascular diseases are the deadliest in the world, since 17.3 million lives are claimed annually. It is estimated that by 2030 nearly 23.6 million people may die from one of these conditions. A high proportion of these diseases can be prevented by following a healthy diet, exercising and avoiding tobacco use, among other measures
The heart needs oxygen to survive. A heart attack occurs when the flow of blood that carries oxygen to the heart muscle is severely reduced or cut off completely.
According to the specialized WebMD site, over time, cholesterol and a fatty material called plaque can accumulate on the inner walls of the blood vessels that carry blood to the heart, called arteries. This makes it more difficult for blood to flow freely. Most heart attacks occur when a piece of this plaque breaks off. A blood clot forms around the ruptured plaque and blocks the artery.
Among the most common symptoms is pain, pressure, or discomfort in the chest. Could have shortness of breath, sweating, fainting, or feeling sick to your stomach. they can neck, jaw, or shoulder pain.
Many of the “classic” symptoms of a heart attack, such as squeezing chest pain, are based on research done in men. Women may experience chest pain, but they may also have flu-like symptoms, including: nausea, vomiting, dizziness, and difficulty breathing.
Men are more likely to break out in a cold sweat and feel pain in the left arm. Although all these symptoms could occur in both sexes,Women are more likely than men to have back or neck pain, heartburn, and shortness of breath. They tend to have stomach problems, including nausea and vomiting. They may also feel very tired, lightheaded, or dizzy. A couple of weeks before a heart attack, a woman may have flu-like symptoms and trouble sleeping.
About 435,000 women have heart attacks in the US each year. Nearly two-thirds of women who die suddenly from heart disease had no prior symptoms.
If you or someone you are with has symptoms that could be a heart attack, call 911 right away. If it is a heart attack, you are more likely to survive if you are treated within 90 minutes. While on the phone, the person should chew and swallow an aspirin (unless allergic) to reduce the risk of a blood clot. If the person is conscious, hands-only CPR can double their chances of survival. (YO)