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What is the legal alcohol limit for driving? How much does this equate to in number of beers, wine and such?

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In this 2022, in Ecuador more than 10,000 traffic accidents have been registered until June, of which 8.4% are attributed to the consumption of alcohol, narcotic or psychotropic substances and/or medications, resulting in 56 deaths in accidents.

Despite the campaigns carried out, cases are still registered, in which it is possible to arrest drivers in a completely drunken state. Hundreds of cases have been evidenced of the consequences of this attitude, which is why the authorities recommend avoiding driving if you have consumed alcohol.

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Drivers can refuse to take a breathalyzer test, but traffic agents have other options in Ecuador

The Organic Comprehensive Criminal Code (COIP) establishes sanctions for drivers who drive while intoxicated. Article 385 establishes the following sanctions:

  • If the level of alcohol per liter of blood is between 0.3 and 0.8 grams, a fine of one basic salary (425 dollars), loss of five points on the license and five days of deprivation of liberty will be applied.
  • In the event that the level of alcohol per liter of blood is greater than 0.8 to 1.2 grams, two basic salaries (850 dollars) will be sanctioned, loss of ten points on the license and fifteen days of deprivation of liberty.
  • If the level exceeds 1.2 grams, a fine of three base salaries ($1,275), a 60-day license suspension and 30 days in jail will apply.

In the case of being a driver of a heavy vehicle, public, commercial, or cargo transport, it was established that they can only reflect a maximum level of 0.1 grams per liter of blood. The regulation also establishes that if the driver refuses to carry out the verification tests, it will be presumed that he is in the maximum degree of drunkenness or intoxication due to the effect of alcohol or controlled controlled substances.

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The risks of driving under the influence of alcohol What amount is dangerous?

Article 376 establishes that whoever is in a drunken state and causes a traffic accident resulting in the death of one or more people will be punished with imprisonment for ten to twelve years and the revocation of the license.

How many glasses corresponds to the blood alcohol level?

There is no specific measure that determines how many glasses of liquor you can drink to have a certain level of alcohol in your blood, since there are several factors that affect it. According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), how quickly the concentration changes will depend on how many drinks have been had, how quickly it has been made, the person’s gender, weight, and whether they have food in their stomach.

A publication by Colombian researchers in 2010 indicated that the concentration of alcohol in the blood (BAC) to reach 0.02 milligrams per deciliter, a drink of 0.54 ounces of alcohol should be consumed, which is equivalent to two cans of beer. , a glass of wine or a measure of some liquor in an hour.

“Alcohol is rapidly absorbed through the walls of the stomach and small intestine and can be measured between 30 and 70 minutes after a person has had an alcoholic beverage,” the entity explained.

What effects does alcohol have on the body?

The following table, prepared with information from the Road Safety Manual for decision-makers and professionals of the Pan American Health Organization, classifies the consequences of alcohol on the body.

BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION (G/DL) EFFECTS ON THE BODY
0.01-0.05 -Increases heart rate and rhythm -Decreases the activity of certain brain functions -Feeling of euphoria and exaltation or relaxation -Loss of inhibitions
0.06-0.10 -Increased anxiety and depression -Decreases attention and alertness and response -Impairs coordination and muscle strength -Reduces the ability to make rational decisions -Physiological sedation
0.11-0.15 -Balance and movement are impaired -Visual function is impaired -Flurred articulation of words -Nausea or vomiting
0.16-0.29 -Sensory and motor impairment -Decreases the perception of external stimuli
0.30-0.39 -Loss of consciousness -Unresponsiveness -Possible death
0.40 and more -Coma state -Death

Source: Eluniverso

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