There are medicines that are rarely missing in our homes. They do not work for everything, but they are very effective in calming certain discomforts. Ibuprofen, without a doubt, is one of the most popular and consumed by the population worldwide.
According to Medline Plus, ibuprofen is a drug that belongs to a class of medications called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). It works by stopping the body’s production of a substance that causes pain, fever, and inflammation.
What is ibuprofen for?
- Pain of mild or moderate intensity
- Common cold
- Primary dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation).
- Minor headache pain, such as migraine.
- Pain, tenderness, swelling, and stiffness caused by osteoarthritis (arthritis caused by wear and tear of the lining of the joints), and rheumatoid arthritis (arthritis caused by inflammation of the lining of the joints).
- Muscle pain
- Back pain.
- Ankylosing spondylitis (inflammation that affects the joints of the spine)
- non-rheumatic inflammation
- Osteoarthritis (chronic disorder that causes cartilage damage)
- juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
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When should Ibuprofen not be taken?
- When you are allergic (hypersensitive) to ibuprofen, other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, aspirin or any of the other ingredients of this medicine.
- If you have severe liver or kidney disease.
- If you have had an ulcer or bleeding of the stomach or duodenum or have suffered a perforation of the digestive system.
- If blood has been vomited, black stools or bloody diarrhea occur.
- Ibuprofen should also not be taken if you have bleeding or blood clotting disorders, or are taking anticoagulants (medicines used to ‘thin’ the blood).
- If you have severe heart failure.
- Women who are in the third trimester of pregnancy, although its administration is not recommended during the first and second trimesters of pregnancy, unless it is considered strictly necessary.
- If you recently had a heart attack, unless directed by your doctor.
- A person who is going to have a coronary artery bypass graft (CABG, a type of heart surgery) should not take ibuprofen right before or after the surgery.
Ibuprofen can be bought without a prescription, so it is recommended that you carefully read the leaflet that accompanies it before starting to take it, as it provides the necessary information for its use. Do not forget that a medicine is safe if it is administered correctly.
The ideal would be to go to a doctor so that it is this professional who prescribes it and thus avoid running the risk of suffering certain side effects or exposing yourself to an overdose.
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