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Basic tips for first-time drivers

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Several international studies have shown that drivers with little experience are at greater risk of suffering a mishap while driving a vehicle, especially due to ignorance of important maneuvers or mechanical or technical aspects. With this reality in mind, here are some tips for novice drivers.

Fundamental aspects to prevent accidents

Beginning drivers must have basic knowledge that can make the difference between life and death. For example, a study by Automobile Insurance (ESA) in Spain shows that the probability of causing an accident among young drivers is 27% higher than that of other drivers.

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If, in addition, they are rookies, that probability is 125% higher. ‚ÄúThere are fundamental aspects that are key to preventing this situation. Knowing the existence of the blind spot, respecting the proper distance between vehicle and vehicle, not driving in neutral, keeping the tires correctly inflated, are among the most important,” says Carlos Cruz, commercial manager of the car and truck line of Hankook Tire.

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Attention must be paid when driving a vehicle, avoiding distractions. Photo: Courtesy

More tips for novice drivers

  • Beware of the blind spot: Generally, novices do not pay attention to the blind spot, that space that is difficult to see through the mirrors and that requires to verify very carefully that a vehicle is not in the next lane in order to change lanes.
  • Avoid neutral to move the vehicle: This is usually one of the most common mistakes of novices, however, it is very dangerous, since, due to the lack of connection between the transmission and the wheels, it could generate a loss of grip in a very pronounced curve and compromise the stability of the vehicle. vehicle. When the vehicle is off and moving in neutral it is also dangerous as the responsiveness of the brakes decreases.
  • Driving with the wrong tire pressure: The measurement of air in tires is almost always neglected. However, the air level is important and if it is not correct it can cause accidents. It is recommended to have the tires inflated to at least the recommended pressure. This is usually found on a plate on the side of the driver’s door, or on the gas cap, or in the car’s manual. A tire below the recommended air pressure will consume more gasoline, increase CO2 emissions and cause premature tire wear. In addition, it reduces braking efficiency, causes uneven wear and can lead to blowouts.
The level of air in the tires is of the utmost importance to avoid accidents, so it is advisable to keep the tires inflated with the recommended pressure. Photo: Shutterstock

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  • Move the vehicle at least a few centimeters if it is going to be stopped for more than 15 days: Tires can become deformed if the vehicle is parked for too long. For this reason, it is recommended to move it at least a few centimeters so that the contact surface varies and does not affect its properties. Keeping it that way can also cause the tires to develop flat spots that cause unbalance while driving.
  • Pay attention if the vehicle pulls to one side when going straight: If this happens, it indicates that the vehicle needs urgent rocking and alignment, since losing alignment deteriorates the suspension, which wears the tires irregularly, loses grip and traction. On the other hand, the lack of balance and alignment of the wheels produce irregular wear of the same, requiring more power from the vehicle to move, which generates greater fuel consumption.
  • Change the tires every 3 or 5 years depending on the use given to the vehicle: A first-time driver tends to activate the brake more frequently, which generates more wear. It is best to make a change according to the manufacturer’s recommendation and according to use. The materials of most tires have a useful life of 10 years, for this reason when making the change it is recommended to check the date of manufacture of the same.
  • Check tire tread: This guarantees a better grip on the surface and distributes elements such as water, dirt and mud, preventing them from accumulating and causing accidents. The coin method can be used, inserting a one-cent coin into the slots, it should sink halfway, which will indicate that there is still no further wear or, in turn, if it does not sink, it means that it must be carried out. changing tires.
  • Keep a proper distance from other vehicles: This is essential in order to react in good time in the event that the vehicle in front brakes unexpectedly.

Within the basic knowledge that a novice driver should have, keeping in mind the main ones related to tires is of vital importance, since a tire in poor condition represents a safety risk, since its main functions are: transmit acceleration power and/or braking the vehicle to the ground, facilitate its steering, be capable of carrying the weight of the vehicle and provide comfort by absorbing irregularities in the terrain.

Carlos Cruz, commercial manager of Hankook Tire’s car and truck line.

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Source: Eluniverso

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