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Male workers earn 31% more than women in the South

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By: Editorial Sur with input from IPE

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Despite the progress made in recent years in terms of gender equity, there are still significant gaps between men and women in access to quality employment and income.

According to him Regional Competitiveness Index (INCORE) 2022the southern zone made up of Apurímac, Arequipa, Cusco, Moquegua, Puno and Tacna occupies scattered positions in the national ranking. The region Tacna is the one with the best position (2 of 25 regions) while Cusco has the lowest position (17). About it, the Peruvian Institute of Economy (IPE) made a balance for this newspaper.

income disparity

The first conclusion of IPE concludes that the COVID-19 pandemic had a strong impact on the labor income of workers in the south of the country, which fell on average by 12.5% ​​between 2019 and 2020. As of 2021, they have not recovered its pre-pandemic levels: the average income of the southern regions is 3.7% lower than that recorded in 2019.

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In terms of gender, the report on 2021 specifies, men in the southern regions earn an average income 53.9% higher than that of women. The region with the largest gap is Tacna (65.1%) followed by Moquegua (65.0%), Arequipa (60.4%), Apurímac (48.5%), Puno (44.1%) and Cusco (40.6%).

In order not to distort the conclusions, the Peruvian Institute of Economy estimated this gap between men and women considering the same educational level, economic sector, number of hours worked, formal status, among others. Even controlling for these factorsit was found that men from the south receive an average salary 31.1% higher than that of women. This value is below the national average of 33.7%. Only Apurímac has a gap greater than the national average: its salary income gap of 47.0% makes it the fifth region with the greatest disparity in the country.

labor participation

In the south, the labor participation rate of men is higher than that of women by 13.8 percentage points (pp.) on average. This gap is lower than other regions of the country and the national average of 17.8 pp. Arequipa has the largest gap in the south (21.8 pp.) and is followed by Moquegua (18 pp.), Tacna (14 pp.), Apurímac (12.8 pp.), Cusco (8.7 pp.) and Puno (7.7 pp.) .

In all the southern regions, the gender gap in labor participation increased compared to 2019. Arequipa suffered the largest increase (7.5 pp.), while Cusco had the smallest (0.4 pp.).

Gender gaps in Peru and the world

According to the 2022 Global Gender Gap Index, published by the World Economic Forum, Peru ranks 37th out of 146 countries, which means an improvement of 25 positions compared to 2021. However, there are still wide gaps in education (rank 112) and health (rank 120), as well as in equal pay for the same job (rank 115).

Source: Larepublica

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