Eight months after it was presented, and almost against time due to the closure of the legislature -despite being a campaign slogan of all political tents-, Bill 679 for the mass use of natural gas finally received the go-ahead in the Plenary of Congress, but with powerful modifications that could frustrate its implementation in the midst of a global energy crisis, according to specialists consulted.
The original document of the Executive included three main axes to guarantee the energy security of the country: the promotion of projects for the massification of natural gas, a mechanism of “compensation for decentralized access” to this resource, and the implementation of an inventory agency of fuels. Only the last one, also key in the fight against speculation in faucets, came to fruition without major changes.
The most significant changes occur in the second chapter, aimed at leveling final gas prices for users of the pipeline distribution service. The Energy and Mines Commission decided, after listening to the recommendations of exhibitors such as the National Mining, Oil and Energy Society (SNMPE), that said mechanism would only be granted in favor of the users of the Home Targeting System (Sisfoh) and some mypes.
It is not, therefore, that model proposed from the beginning by the Government to place gas infrastructure with public funds in all large cities, in order to generate demand starting with transportation. That is, to massify for the entire country and for all activities, with a regulated price.
Lima and Callao have the largest home gas coverage with Cálidda: 1 million 154,628 users as of May, followed far behind by Quavii, with only 173,704 for Cajamarca, Lambayeque, La Libertad and Áncash. Contugás and the commission from Petroperú together do not even reach half of the latter.
Abysmal difference caused, precisely, by the model that the original law tried to leave behind, which proposed a progressive advance, but in which the State could not invest directly so that the concessionaire could store pipelines where there was less demand.
A stumbling block for overcrowding that is encouraged by the disappearance of the single rate, a cornerstone for attracting more users -and, with it, generating greater demand that allows subsidies to be quickly left behind-, due to the fact that the modification of Congress it restricts only small businesses and vulnerable populations, but does not take into account large businesses, transporters and residents, who lose another incentive to bring gas to their city.
Other changes for energy security
The modification of PL 675 also contemplates, as proposed by Minem, the creation of a Fuel Inventory Agency (AIC), which must provide, manage and dispose of hydrocarbon storage facilities belonging to the State, in order to guarantee the supply of fuels. liquids and LPG.
The approved norm also allows the Energy Social Inclusion Fund (FISE) to be used for the massification of gas through total or partial financing of the connections. It also gives it its own legal status under private law, with resources that do not have the quality of public funds and are of an intangible nature.
Pedro Castillo, President of the Republic
“Taking advantage of the fact that Congress has just approved the gas massification law, we will start with Ayacucho. I call the Ministry of Energy and Mines so that, as soon as possible, they summon the governor”.
Tank. More than 20,000 users, so far this year, have converted their cars to CNG due to the rise in oil. But more taps are missing in the province.
Pollution. The rise of the LPG balloon has caused that more than 90% of common pots in Peru cook with firewood. Natural gas would be a plausible alternative.
Executive must observe changes
Focus: by Erick García, former director of the DGH
They have distorted the norm sent by the Executive to massify gas for all Peruvians. In order for you to have natural gas, you need a concessionary company and a network in front of your house. The original law addressed this problem: for areas where there is no operator, an economic incentive was given, as for the construction of pipelines, since it gave money for areas not served at “sunk cost”.
At this moment, Peru has 12 regions with gas, but many of the zones are not served because they are not considered. In the north or south there are few users and they have to spend 8 years to see who would get it because it is a rate calculation. This norm was going to replicate what happened in Lima and Callao, tell the concessionaire: “This district is not considered, do it because here I bring you the money.” With this scheme you can massify Peru quickly.
The correct thing is that the Executive observe this law and return it to Congress. And that the meaning of the norm be explained to the congressmen who, I want to think well, have signed due to ignorance.