The Ministry of Labor decided that until December 2021 the public investment projects Mi Primer Empleo and Empleo Joven would be operational, which began in the government of Lenín Moreno and was assumed by President Guillermo Lasso.
The decision was due to the lack of budget due to the COVID-19 pandemic, according to what the Ministry of Labor answered and confirmed by the head of that State portfolio, Patricio Donoso.
Given the suppression of these programs, Encontre Empleo was strengthened, which works as a job and training exchange. This empowerment was carried out from the last semester of 2021.
Almost two years after the Humanitarian Law, there are still records of dismissals due to force majeure or fortuitous event in Ecuador
Indeed, the Mi Primer Empleo and Empleo Joven projects have already stopped operating. What is the proposal for young people and what does it consist of?
We have a project called Find Employment, which recruits young people to join the labor market. This project has been successful and is what replaces what you manifested.
We have this platform that has trained thousands of young people in Ecuador; and many of them, based on contacts with the employer, have found employment.
Projects Mi Primer Empleo and Empleo Joven come to an end; Government works on new proposal
This platform has made 59,185 young people take free courses nationwide in areas of technology, administration, services, so that they can prepare their job profile and go into the business world.
Of these 59,185 registered, how many have a job?
Many of them have found a job. It seems to me that there are 33,275 young people who are hired under a dependency relationship through this public exchange called Find Employment.
My First Job was also focused on internships. What is going on with them?
The internship is an action, a figure that is determined in the Youth Law. These internships are paid and ensure that the youth’s work does not interfere with their education. We work transversally with other ministries, for example, Sports, with recreation so that these young people while working can preserve their physical and mental health.
In the meantime, we are a few days away from this State portfolio turning one year old. How is the labor proposal going and the dialogue tables with sectors involved?
The President of the Republic asked us to set up working tables with the United Workers’ Front (FUT) and the union institutions, which are the FUT, UGTE (General Union of Workers of Ecuador) and others; and we have already had three meetings, in March, April and May 5.
Meetings through which we are precisely doing what every sensible politician should do, which is to dialogue with those who have to do with the issue, in this case, employment. Therefore, we are moving forward, we had the third meeting and we reviewed the project presented by the FUT and the project that the Government had proposed at the time.
Workers believe that the reduction of the working day by the Humanitarian Law ends in June, but lawyers make clarifications regarding the validity and dismissals in the middle of that figure
There is some progress. We agree that consensus must be reached to generate productive employment; we must maintain it, and that has been a fundamental part of the work tables. Beyond another law, we are promoting the rights of the thirteenth salary, fourteenth salary, vacations, reserve funds, affiliation to social security, the possibility of joining an unsecured and mortgage loan. We must care about non-workers, about those who are unemployed, underemployed or living in the informal sector.
There are 5.7 million Ecuadorians who are looking for an opportunity, who live informally from the cachuelo. I have also talked with the leaders of the entrepreneurs, with the academy and the press.
Will it definitely be a new bill and not reforms?
We have the idea of a separate project that regulates the activity of those who have not been hired, because those who have jobs are under the Labor Code. There are different opinions about this. It’s obvious, but that’s why dialogue and debate were invented.
Are there any aspects in which they coincide with the guilds in these dialogue tables?
The eventual contract is a consubstantial part. We are aware that in this pandemic we must attend to young people and women. There is a wide margin of consensus that young people can work. Working and studying is a consubstantial part of being human.
Possibility of two labor codes in Ecuador, proposed by Guillermo Lasso, generates divided legal criteria
We are against those advertisements that seek a specific professional profile and say almost literally “maximum 30 years of age, minimum ten years of experience.” Not only that seven out of ten Ecuadorians do not have a stable job, but eight out of ten young people are in that situation; and, as for women, three out of four. We must attend to what is determined as a vulnerable group.
Is there a deadline for submitting this project to the Assembly?
We have not set a date, because the dialogue must be open, without barriers, without conditioning.
So another year goes by…
Without barriers and without conditions.
Another x-ray of unemployment is that in 2022 alone there are more than 170,000 settlement certificates and in March a little more than 70,000. It almost reaches the levels of May 2020, when there were around 76,000, at the peak of the pandemic. What is happening so that these numbers are not so distant from those of the pandemic?
Data from the National Institute of Statistics and Censuses (INEC) speak clearly of the generation of 350,000 jobs, of the reactivation of the youth and women sector. Not everything is easy, simple. Difficult things are to be overcome.
On another topic, has the humanitarian law, which is two years old in June, been analyzed? Perhaps repeal it or maintain it?
There has been no dialogue on this issue of humanitarian law. It is made to meet its objectives, but there has been no talk on that subject.
Regarding teleworking, how often are inspections being carried out so that companies comply with granting work tools to their collaborators? This is because cases consulted by this newspaper have indicated that it is not fulfilled…
We do random inspections. If someone passes the red light, the traffic light should not be knocked down, the one who passes the traffic light must be sanctioned, but they are regulations that must be complied with. Teleworking is here to stay with this pandemic.
What are the penalties?
Inspections are made and corrective actions are taken. (I)