In dialogue with La República, the executive president of To serveJaneyri Boyer, acknowledges that the progress of the Civil Service reform in the State has been slow, so she is preparing a proposal to speed up its implementation and the transition of the CAS to this new regime.
How is the progress of the civil service reform going?
The civil service reform was approved in 2013, its regulations in 2014 and since then an implementation has been carried out in which progress has been meager. We promised to be able to simplify the procedures because the transit was taking about four years per entity and a simplification was made, but what we are seeing is that we have already exhausted this entire phase and even so, due to the processes behind it, the projection can be many years to have a significant implementation.
Will they propose something to make the reform faster?
We are proposing some adjustments to the reform, which consists of being able to have a more transversal transit and with a territorial approach. The point is to start with this transit through administrative systems; that is, by all those who make standardizable functions. The reason for being is that it would allow us to develop economies of scale, if we have standardizable offices, with standardized profiles and go hand in hand with the rector. You can do large-scale contests for access.
How many entities are there in this new regime?
In the civil service regime there are 13 entities and approximately 813 public servants. Last year there were only eight entities. In a year, with the simplification processes, five more have entered and from 600 we are now at 813 servers in the new civil service. The reform is a State policy that for its implementation does not depend on a single entity, in this case Servir.
There must be commitment from the entities…
First, there has to be political will at the highest level; that is, the President of the Republic, the Minister of Economy and the President of the Council of Ministers must say that the reform is a priority and that everyone implement it; especially considering the characteristics of this reform, which is voluntary. Part of the adjustments we want to make is to make it mandatory [el tránsito al servicio civil], because otherwise you depend on the free will of the entities. Second, a sustainable budget is needed to implement it, reforms cost. Third, a strengthened and autonomous technical institution is needed. Fourth, that this reform has a level of obligation or clear incentives to be implemented.
How far could you go with these adjustments?
If we move to a more mandatory scheme, the idea would be that in administrative systems there may be a transit of 2,700 people by 2023; 6,000 by 2024; 9,500 by 2025; 13,000 by 2026 and approximately 14,000 people by 2027. It is a progressive scheme because there has to be responsible fiscal management of the resources. The idea is to start with administrative systems and then towards functional ones, which is less standardizable.
And the CAS?
The premise of the ruling of the Constitutional Court indicates that it is not constitutional for the CAS to pass to 276 and 728, that the path had to be the regime of the Civil Service Law. In this context, it is essential to promote these adjustments. The idea is not that the CAS wait many years to be able to pass, which is part of their annoyance, discomfort and struggle, because it is a regime that has reduced rights. We are preparing within this proposal a segment in which the CAS can compete and have the opportunity to move to a better regime and that is achieved only with the authorization of more contests.
And the new hirings in the State?
It is also part of the proposal, we are landing that in a bill so that the new contracts are also through 30057 (civil service). The 276 and 728 are already closed, what is still there is CAS, but as the TC has said, the CAS would have to gradually disappear and we are promoting through this proposal that it can be closed and that instead the new positions be 30057 .